The Tao of Physics. An Exploration of the Parallels between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism.
by Fritjof Capra. I have seen this book on bookstore shelves since graduate school (many moons ago) but never picked it up until recently when I started becoming more interested in the philosophical underpinnings of science. In this regard, this book is an outstanding read.
The basic premise of the book, as the subtitle suggests, is that modern physics (quantum mechanics and relativity) is coming to some of the same philosophical positions as the major Asian religions. The search for a single, all-encompassing theory of physics is the same quest toward understanding ultimate Reality: the Tao of Chinese philosophy, or Brahman of Hinduism, or Dharmakaya of Buddhism (p. 131).
This book is a good primer on the basis of the major Asian religions, and, as the author is himself a particle physicist, the discussions of physics are authentic. I cannot go as far as the author to a position of "nothing is real" ("bootstrap hypothesis", p.227). I do think there is something to be said of the ways in which Christians approach the Unknowable and Mystery that is similar to modern scientific method. The author only gives 3-4 sentences (p.287) dedicated to Judeo-Christian thought (citing Thomas Aquinas rather narrowly), but I think there is much to add in this regard. Maybe I have to write my own book.
I think every scientist needs to consider the philosophical dimension of science and scientific method. This book is a good one to consider.